Macroeconomic environment
Annual
Name Unit 2011 2012 201320142015
       
Crude oil and Petroleum product prices      
Global* (incl. Export duties)    
Brent (Dtd) US$/bbl 111.3 111.7 108.7 98.952.5
Urals Spot (average Med. + NWE) US$/bbl 109.1 110.4 107.7 96.951.5
Premium gasoline (average NWE) US$/t 983.9 1,035.9 986.9 918.7570.0
Naphtha (average Med. + NWE) US$/t 920.8 925.4 892.3 825.3450.1
Diesel fuel (average NWE) US$/t 959.0 980.2 938.5 854.4500.7
Gasoil 0.1% (average Med. + NWE) US$/t 931.9 953.8 920.5 837.8486.3
Fuel oil 3.5% (average NWE) US$/t 602.5 623.5 583.8 518.5247.5
     
Domestic Market** (ex. VAT, incl. excise)      
High-octane gasoline RUB/t 24,593 26,205 28,332 31,94832,488
Low-octane gasoline RUB/t 22,095 23,239 24,878 28,07128,435
Diesel fuel RUB/t 20,847 24,270 26,887 27,76428,944
Fuel oil RUB/t 8,705 9,167 8,728 9,0147,202
       
Key Macroeconomic Indicators      
Ruble inflation (CPI) % 6.1 6.6 6.5 11.412.9
Exchange rate at the end of the period RUB/US$ RUB 32.2 30.4 32.7 56.356.3
Average exchange rate for the period RUB/US$ RUB 29.4 31.1 31.8 38.461.0

* Source: Platts

**Source: Kortes.

Last update: March 2016